Lighting the Stars: Notes and References

Music Credits

Many thanks to Steven Halpern, artist, for generously allowing use of his musical selection "Traveling Among The Stars" from the album Inner Peace, copyright Inner Peace Music (www.stevenhalpern.com).

The YouTube video Lighting the Stars (click here) describes a mistake made in the 1930, pertaining to stellar ignition, which was built upon and never corrected. In 1994, I revealed the mistake and made a correction in a scientific paper published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. In addition to making new discoveries, science is about discovering mistaken understanding and correcting it. When a contradiction to existing ideas arises in science, the obligation of scientists in that area is to discuss and debate, and to try to ascertain whether the old idea or the new one is correct by experiment or theoretical considerations. If the new idea is wrong, it should be refuted, ideally in the same journal of publication; otherwise it should be acknowledged.

 

In America (as in many countries) science is mostly funded by the government, using severely flawed management practices (click here). As a consequence there is a documented record of astrophysicists, not only failing to acknowledge important contradictions to important advances, but trying to suppress and bury them. Science is about truth, not deception to the scientific community, to the general public, and to taxpayers. For more information, see Maverick's Earth and Universe

 

Pertinent References

= Stellar ignition by nuclear fission =

Thermonuclear fusion reactions, thought to power the Sun and other stars, require temperatures on the order of one million degrees Celsius for ignition. Since the mid-1930s the assumption has been that such temperatures were obtained during the in-fall of dust and gas during star formation, but there are problems. In 1994, J. Marvin Herndon suggested that stellar fusion reactions may, in fact, be ignited by a central fission reactor in the same manner that a fusion bomb is triggered by a fission bomb. Rather than stars automatically igniting during formation, non-ignition may occur in absence of actinide elements, leading to the possibility of dark stars, dark matter, particularly surrounding luminous galaxies [Herndon, J. M. (1994) Planetary and protostellar nuclear fission: Implications for planetary change, stellar ignition and dark matter. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, A455, 453-461]. (click here for pdf) 

= Origin of diverse luminous galaxy structures =

J. Marvin Herndon has suggested that the diverse luminous galaxy structures can be understood in a logical and causally related manner if heavy element synthesis is related galactic jets which jet heavy nuclear matter into the galaxy of dark stars where it seeds the dark stars it encounters with fissionable elements turning dark stars into luminous stars [Herndon, J. M. (2006) Thermonuclear ignition of dark galaxies. http://arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0604307 ; Herndon, J. M. (2008) Maverick’s Earth and Universe, Vancouver:Trafford Press, ISBN: 978-1-4251-4132-5].

= Planetary interfacial thermonuclear fusion =

J. Marvin Herndon has suggested that hot Jupiter exoplanets, which have densities less than Jupiter, may derive much of their internal heat production from interfacial thermonuclear fusion ignited by nuclear fission [Herndon, J. M. (2006) New concept for internal heat production in hot jupiter exoplanets.  ; Herndon, J. M. (2008) Maverick’s Earth and Universe, Vancouver:Trafford Press, ISBN: 978-1-4251-4132-5].

= Evidence against planetary migration =

J. Marvin Herndon has presented evidence against the astrophysical concept of planetary migration based upon evidence that Earth was at one time a close-to-Sun gas giant similar to Jupiter in mass and composition [Herndon, J. M. (2006) Evidence contrary to the existing exoplanet migration concept. arXiv:astro-ph/0612726 (click here for pdf)].